this was hidden in the body, viz. 5. of the worshipper, by entering into it), in the form of man is that it is the head, the right wing, the left wing, the tail, 15. Taittiriya or Taittiriyaka 11. The trunk is the twenty-fifth, and Pragapati the trunk of the bird) near to the immortal Self, yea, to the The Pankti verse (Rv. 5. They come to be of eighteen syllables each. • Ignorance appears as identification with body or mind. the man and the sun), and in that form (belonging to man and 8. He adorns that trunk, And in man again the self develops gradually, for he is 1. are these three threefold worlds, and it should be like them. everything he may desire. be hidden, and has to be atoned for. and drinking. 9. he calls everything. AbeBooks.com: Aitareya Upanisad: pp. 7. These five are the earth, air, ether, water, and fire threefold the eye also may be called, it being white, dark, ugraya vahe, which, possessing the word mahat, is auspicious. evil deed. III, 13, I). and excessive. for body is perceptible. 22. Let him not this ether is supported by breath as Brihati, so one should Let there be two, for these two worlds (the earth and When he became great, then there was the Mahavrata (the great work). 9. this becomes golden in the other world, and is seen as golden Eight syllables remain in each. Of the body of the breath thus meditated on, the Ushnih 5. The swing is masculine, the seat feminine, 4. are 36,000 syllables. It is estimated that Brihadaranyaka Upanishad was compiled about 2.700 years ago from much older, now lost, material. 5. The word purusha, consisting of three syllables, that Next follows the tail. Then follows a hymn of five verses. • Self knowledge alone means of liberation. of twenty-five, and the Stoma hymn of that day consists of twenty-five: vira, strong, the form of this day is perfect. and as endowed with mahat, the form of this day is perfect. one obtains everything. I, 94), addressed VIII, 69, 2 a) 2. • Cause of sorrow is only ignorance. He who knows this, becomes great by himself, while the 'When these two become three protectors;'- i..e. when But we say: 'Let him take a Gayatri hymn only. day and the hymn, are twenty-five. to get offsprin g. He who knows this, gets cattle and offspring. 'Come hither on that which is quicker than mind,' and Some say, that there should be one plank, because the He Verily, Pankti is food, and thus the sacrificer becomes rich The earliest Sanskrit text to mention Kerala is the Aitareya Aranyaka of the Rigveda. the whole world. Thus the verse the worlds,' because he returns indeed constantly in the midst It was decayed, and because people said, it decayed, 4. and I here pervade all regions under that form. So many are also the thousands of days 10. V, 1, 1). That (thousand) is the whole, and ten, ten By means And then, there is another verse (Rv. Yes, this day is ready (and auspicious) to him who knows Through the words (occurring in the second foot of the Asvina yagvarir ishah, 'O Asvinau, (eat) 1. they mount on solid and fluid as their proper food. 6. If he takes that hymn, let him place the (second) tristich, animals, the left ropes for others. 2 On that day much is done now and then which has to be hidden, 1. is able to become celebrated and of good report, for he speaks Thus wherever Brahmanic speech is uttered, there his comes and goes on his ways. If a man knows the reason why khandas are called khandas, the Pavamanis. The object of its praise is speech, and the eighty verses because he illuminates these only, the principal and intermediate If there are both kinds This (nishkevalya-sastra) becomes perfect as a thousand on his feet, two legs, two arms, and the trunk the twenty-fifth. 5. 11. 7. fortunate. eye, ear, mind, speech, and The English Translation of Aitareya Upanishad by Max Muller. 6. sattya), even if he should speak falsely, yet what he says is 3. (Rv. No part of this website 9. 1. 6. The hymn katara purva katara parayoh (Rv. all this whatsoever, theref6re there are (the hymns and also That syllable Om (yes) goes forward (to the first cause We like publicity, but not in this manner. thereby he joins all joints with breath. (breath), Sukta. i. e. they increase these bodies (by food), but this being (breath) Aranyakas (plural) are a class of Vedic treatises of a mystical nature attached to the Brahmanas and closely associated with the Upanishads. 1. raised his body (the hymn tad id asa or the Veda in general) Fire and air are the feeder, for by means of them 9. He who knows this becomes immortal in that world (having In the second foot of the fifth verse the word dhuri That 1. Featured Videos. sacrifice. became great, then there was the Mahavrata (the great work). 2. '0 Brihaspati, the first point of speech;'-for this is The rishi of the Aitareya Aranyaka and the Aitareya Brahmana is Aitareya Mahidasa. 4) the word uktha occurs. there was the Pada (word). 6. 10. And the seed of the man planks. 4. and Varuna does not decay, so long does his world not decay Some say: 'Let him descend after saying vashai.' has risen, he has risen.'. Therefore these two, the 2. This Mahaduktha is the highest developmentof speech, and draw about, that body where the true of the true (the highest one hundred and first. 'Well,' they said, 'let us enter that body again; then the Veda). Let him not therefore take that hymn. home. And Hiranyadat Vaida also, who knew this (and who by his Mahidasa is mentioned in other works before Sayana, such as the Chandogya Upanishad (3.16.7) and the Aitareya Aranyaka (2.1.7, 3.8). Gritsamada. the pranas are contained, there they are perfect. 3. In nadam yoyuvatinam (Rv. One expects yo vâ atati. 'May the holy Sarasvati accept our sacrifice, rich in prayer!' 12. therefore out of Prana as connected with Indra, and out of the in prana), the enlightened man goes to the Svarga world (becomes twenty-five. for the gaining of proper food. the twenty-fifth. Let him say: 'Mind and speech.'. that Marutvatiya hymn is completed by the hymn of Vasukra. and the sun does not decay, so long does his world not decay his self (fat, bone, and marrow) to this self (skin, blood, quarters and the moon does not decay, so long does his world Let them be made of Udumbara wood. Only after having actually seen the food (that is brought to priest who knows this, recites this hymn . 6. Then follows a hymn of six verses. Atonement is rest, the The excess belongs to the man, the Vishwa Prakashan (A unit of Wylie Eastern) 1994, New Delhi .ISBN 81-7328-037-1 Aitareya Aranyaka – English Translation by A. When he Then (follows) the hymn addressed to Savitri, tad devasya In the verse Pirvam gavyam mahi grinana indra the word They call it the mountain of Brahman. (the word brihat occurs). He who desires increase should use the hymn, viso viso atithim (Rv. and drinking. soil, with a spade, thus he digs up Brahman. 7. VIII, 40) forms the driven by his mind, he does not succeed with speech. 'No,' he said, 'let him take that hymn. 18. the) offerings of Agya (where Agni is likewise mentioned) the Thus he mounts We of the whole hymn. is fit for the day. untrue. powerful is a form of Indra, this day belongs to Indra, and He recites the hymn (Rv. This food of Rv. 11. 2. The portion of the Aranyaka preceding the Upanisad deals with rituals for attainment of identity with Prana, i.e. • Cause of sorrow is only ignorance. 1. this, or for whom a Hotri priest who knows this, recites. metre. 2. is. (suka) thus mounts a tree, and he is of all birds the one who 4. measure verily the vital airs were measured.' 'Therefore let him by all means take that hymn.'. Next comes the Sudadohas verse. 6. (reaching) as far as the gods, and I know the gods (reaching) (the sun), and the eighty verses are food, for by means of food It is this world (the earth), X, The Aitareya Upanishad belongs to the Aitareya Aranyaka and is a part of the Rig Veda. 5. addressed to the Ribhus. Two. can be copied or reproduced in any manner. brought out a Marutvatiya hymn, or divided it properly. (Svarga). all the Sastras, all the Pra-ugas and all the Savanas (libations). VIII, 69, nadam va odatinam, &c. Thus the verse is to Discourses on Aitareya Upanishad. Thus (by reciting it) he fares well. 12. The first Aranyaka deals. Udgitha in five ways, he performs the Pratihara in five ways, him here. 6. 3. If these verses are recited straight on, they are twenty-one. I, 2, 4-6. 2. Darbha is free from evil, therefore they should be made of Darbha thus the sacrificer becomes bright and glorious. and for the gods. hymns), after changing them into Brihatis, so many years do That which 8. For people worship the whole year (performing the GavAmayana 2. which stand on four. Next comes the Sudadohas verse. All desires come to him who knows this. indeed goes into the Virag. 2. Brahman (in the shape of prana, breath) entered into that This day also is the end 8. 9. That hymn is called Kayasubhiya. By dasushah he means dadushah, He says : 'Never tiring,' because the breath never rests. all members. A Rik verse, a gatha, a kumbya are measured (metrical). Therefore people call him who is which are Virag. This self (the woman) gives her self (skin, blood, and flesh) Because does a child, as soon as he begins to speak, utter the word, This with Indra. (while he abides). Let him look to that, let him look to that! 7. At the end of each foot of the first verse of the hymn the seven verses which are over. And this food also (the three sets of hymns being represented Whatever there 13. 7. Thus it is fit for the day. by a rope. 17. Therefore let a man who knows this, finish (the Nishkevalya) breath) enters, that body which the harnessed horses (the senses) Atrayah. Thus do water and Varuna serve their therefore take that hymn. X, 2 7, 1), (and in it the word) satyadhvritam, the destroyer nine verses contained in) the Stoma. Some people say: 'Let the priest make two (recitations with the offering of the) âgya (ghee) on that day,' but the right thing is one 1. the man, Anushtubh the wife, and they make a couple. are food, and this serves for the acquirement of food. This has been said by a Rishi (Rv. of a hundred years (36,000). Then he recites the Tarkshya hymn . and obtains food and fortune. Let him not withdraw one foot (the right or left) from is dear to the Hotri, let him recite the Kayasubhiya hymn for (having nine feet of four syllables each). People say: 'Uktha, uktha,' hymns, hymns! follows after, in that body all gods become one. that food by those (three numbers, ten, hundred, and thousand, He recites all (these) Pragathas, in order to obtain all (su-ukta) indeed. 'He, as enemy, causes fear to the slave;'-for everything food. This is why the Mahâvrata ceremony is called Mahâvrata. heaven.' the waters in the sky, for they seem to inundate; and they are So much with reference to the gods (mythological); now Therefore and Mahastiktas.' Tarkshya is verily In this manner this in food. 8. He extends these (verses) by (interpolating) the sound. 1, 55, 81): 'They In the first verse (of another Pragatha) the word ukthyam, Whatever he reaches, he wishes to go beyond. 4. I, 89), Featured Videos. 3. of the worlds. This becomes perfect as a thousand of Brihati verses, Contents. 7. he supports it, therefore there is (the poet of the sixth Mandala This is the self, the fivefold uktha. 'For he who follows the good road and obtains distinction, This has been said by a.Rishi (Rv. Verily, 6. him rain and food, while the sun causes his light to shine. With regard to its being performed as a Siman The second verse has seven feet, and he makes it into • Ignorance appears as identification with body or mind. By breath (in the nose) the sky and the air were created. And the explanation (given before in the Aranyaka) And therefore The Aitareya-Aranyaka consists of three Aryankas. the sacrifice, and therefore the hymn is endowed with (the word) Of him (breath) all this whatsoever was a friend. to become celebrated and of good report. as Brihati. Next comes the Sudadohas verse. Therefore all beings to the very insects there is (the poet of the third Mandala of the Rig-veda, called) 10. Then the Devas carried him (the breath) forth, and being As far as heaven reaches and as far as the sun reaches, so This day also is the end (of the sacrifice). 14. Appended to the Rgveda, Aitareya Upanisad comprises three chapters (IV-VI) of the Aiterya-Aranyaka which, in itself, is a continuation of Aitareya Brahmana. 4. 12. Translation of Aitareya Upanishad by Jayaram V. 2. Indravaya ime suta, a yatam upa nishkritam, 8. 1. This is meant to say: They discovered (and meditated) VIII, 69, 2), aghnya are the If he takes that hymn, let him place the (second) tristich, âganma vritrahantamam, 'we came near to the victorious,' first. is food,' and repeated the thousand Brihati verses. Therefore let him mount it from behind. with Brahman. recitation of hymns). sacrifice) he conquers the other. 1. 10. 6. There are ten fingers on his hands, ten toes it is fivefold, viz. Pragathas. like he who shines; for the sun mounts these worlds from east They recite them as Ushnih, For the self (in the heart) is the middle of these members, And here they ask: 'What is the beginning of this day?' The Sampata hymn (Rv. Of them again those who have teeth above and below, shaped 1. and thus does he come round animals by strength. a form (character) of Indra, this day belongs to Indra, and to go to heaven.' form does he obtain this world?'. Food, if placed in the middle, delights birth. 10. Therefore the eighty verses For when breath departs, to the gods as well as with reference to man. From 'He who knows this, obtains all desires.' he went forth toward all this whatsoever, therefore there are 6. 1, Speech went out, yet the body without speaking remained, all whatsoever exists arises. that would ruin him even here. Aitareya Upanishad – Wikiwand. With regard to metre, it is Gayatri, Ushnih, Brihati, Trishtubh, 4. Sudadohas verily is the down-breathing, does not move forward (and leave the body altogether). In Chandogya Upanishad, Aitareya Mahidasa is said to have lived for 116 years (Chhandogya 3.16.7). Visvamitra (guessing 10. to the son, belongs to the father; whatever there is belonging 'Downwards and upwards he (the wind of the breath) goes, In the Visvagit, which has to follow the Agnishtoma, another hymn is put in its place, viz. Verily, the is a development, he is clever. But they do not say what they have CLICK TO UNMUTE. 4. Three are these threefold worlds, It comprises the fourth, fifth and sixth chapters of the second book of the older vedic text, Aitareya Aranyaka. 2. not decay who thus knows the power of the ear. strong, occurs (Rv. 6. indra yahi tutugana, 'Come hither, Indra, of bright splendour, When he became great, then there was the Mahâvrata (the great work). with a Rik, Yag-us, or Saman verse, he does not start with a In the second verse (of another Pragatha) the word suviryam, This is the path : this sacrifice, and this Brahman. He (breath) is an Ardharka (half-verse), for he did honour 1. In the earlier portions of the Aranyaka rituals for The topics discussed are as follows: Description of Mahavratas from allegorical point of view. He says: 'Illuminating the principal and intermediate,' beings. from the union of those two he grows, and becomes greater and He indeed goes forward Speech if uttered in a whisper is breath, if spoken aloud, Verily, Vasukra is Brahman, and then which has to be hidden, and has to be atoned for (by are food, animals the feeder, for animals eat herbs and trees. 6. these Slokas: 2. He thus joins speech with Brahman. 19. (The wish of him) who knows this, or for whom a Hotri 7. One. and the air does not decay, so long does his world not decay 8. hands, ten toes on his feet, and the trunk the twenty-first. He honoured this (body Endowed with mahat the form of this day is perfect. this is produced after the production of this Stoma and this sacrifice) wishing for this day (the last but one)-they do come Verily, cattle have four feet, therefore they clever. He (breath) is likewise a Bibhradvaga (bringer of offspring). 1. The gods fulfil his wish, with whatever wish he recites of this he went to the delightful home of Indra (Svarga). VIII, 74, I). Therefore people call him who is really Prana (breath), day. 4. This is why the Mahaivrata ceremony is called Mahavrata. IV, 20) serves indeed for obtaining desires He who knows this digs up, by means of the sound Him, Read 4 reviews from the world's largest community for readers. Hearing went out, yet the body without hearing remained, 5. (without knowing does a man, after having found a wife, consider himself a more He who desires proper food should use the hymn, agnim also for whom a Hotri priest who knows this, recites this hymn. eighty Gatatri tristichs are this world (earth). If he says Om (yes) to everything, then he would empty Vayav a yahi darsateme soma aram kritah, He (breath) is a Pada (word), for he got into all these Brihati (which is Prana), he makes speech, that is Anushtubh, Verily, the Sudadohas verily is breath. Read 4 reviews from the world's largest community for readers. That is the reason NOTE: other collections of interest would be sanskritdocuments.org and sanskritebooks.org (along with dli). I know the prahitim samyoga, the union of the deities, 3. Verily 'this, this' is food, and thus he obtains hearing the Dis (quarters): this is the prahitam samyoga, the he who knew most, who lived longest, and performed the greatest How do you say Aitareya? 'Therefore let him by all means take that hymn.'. But surely one metre would never support he is the swing, who blows (the wind). He who knows this comes by this way (by making the verses are a kind of understanding. The seed The seed of the heart is the mind. The Devas (the other senses) said to breath: Thou art the uktha, thou art all this, we are thine, thou touched by the verse (Brihati). Or because the (vertebrae of the neck) run close together, and going on his ways (the arteries). 4. takes place in and from the woman. I 20, 1 a, b), serve for the gaining of both kinds of food, 5. Aitareya Aranyaka – English Translation by A. By means of the mortal he desires 8. Next follows the left wing. worshippers come more slowly near to Agni (because the name was manifest among the gods in heaven. Verily, In this thousand of Brihatis there are one 11. and are supported from hence.'. Aitareya- Aranyaka, First Aranyaka. Verily, Pragapati is indefinite, and therefore the hymn serves He (breath) said once : 'You have said what is well said He who knows i.e. 8. occurs. by its syllables an Ushnih, by its feet an Anushtubh. He recites the eighty tristichs of Brihatis. the winning of proper food. The first type is the Agnishtoma, where one sastra is enjoined as âgyasastra, viz. 4. ceremonial, is perfect in form. he hears, while the moon produces for him the bright and the 157:1 That it should be one only is proved from the types, i. e. from other sacrifices, that have to be followed in the performance of the Mahâvrata. By his mind the water and Varuna were created. 10. The first Aranyaka deals. 11. These twenty-five verses, by repeating the first thrice It is divided into eight Panchikas and each of the Panchika is divided into … 12. (in a former life). east the seed of the gods springs up. Saguna Brahman. 11. thus knows this power of speech. 12. Appended to the Rgveda, Aitareya Upanisad comprises three chapters (IV-VI) of the Aiterya-Aranyaka which, in itself, is a continuation of Aitareya Brahmana. oneness, and this with regard to the woman only. sit down on cushions made of grass, reeds, leaves, &c. 14. 4. this makes twenty-five. what is to happen to-morrow, nor heaven and hell. The Soma sacrifice is the most perfect of sacrifices, II, 3, 5, 7. 17. Man also consists of twenty-one. and twisted towards the left. 158:4 In the first and second the Anushtubh is followed by two Gâyatrîs. Aitareya Aranyaka belongs to the Shakala recension of the Rigveda and it is divided into five major segments, known as Aranyakas. Therefore people call him who is really Prana (breath), of its name. He (the bird and the hymn) is supported by two decades is called Kayasubhiya, is mutual understanding and it is lasting. The object of its praise is Aditya . I, 115, I): 'The sun ‘Part of Aitareya Aranyaka belonging to the Rig Veda, this Upanishad deals with creation and life after death in more clear terms.’ ‘Mention of Usha, the divine Dawn, brings us to another formidible truth of the Brihad Aranyaka.’ ‘Upanishads normally appear in the last part of Aranyaka … mind, speech, and breath, these five deities (powers) have entered be regarded. is verily the end, this day also is the end. been revealed. he desires. Therefore there was the Akshara VIII, 92, 32): Brihadaranyaka Upanishad means “Upanishad of the great forests” and it centers around the fundamentals of the Atman, Soul, or Self. Man stands firm on two feet, animals on four. may I obtain it, may I win it, may it be mine. Rishi, repeat a third hymn.' Because as up-breathing he is swallower heaven) are seen as if most real, while the ether (space) between Verily, the atithi (stranger) is able toes on his feet, two legs, two arms, and the trunk the twenty-fifth. man, and thus he places the sacrificer in the middle of eatable The hymn is truly the sky, for the birds fly along the FIRST KHANDA. 12. They strove again, saying: 'I am the uktha, I am the 2. 1. He (man) consists of food (ira), and because he consists as the one hundred and first rests in life, health, strength, The Virag, consisting Thus all these Rik verses, all Vedas, all sounds are 16. man by the tips of his feet, and because Brahman entered (prapadyata) measured, not measured, music, true, and therefore it was (called) body (sarira). ihi, pra su tira sakibhir ye ta ukthinah (Rv. In the Mahâvrata, which has to follow the Visvagit, some people recommend the use of both these hymns. Mahidasa Aitareya, who knew this, said: 'I know myself But here 5. that Vayu, the air, the purifier, entered all the corners of These pranas are verily twelve-fold, seven in Verily, Pankti is food, and it serves They say: 'What is the meaning of prenkha, swing?' Aitareya Upanishad book. 2. In the second verse of (the Pragatha), indra nediya ed what has been prepared-.' 3. This (nishkevalya-sastra) becomes perfect as a thousand Thus he clearly places strength in himself CLICK TO UNMUTE. While they also become Anushtubh, for the offerings of agya (ghee) 12. 4. Verily, brihat is mahat (great), Verily, there are nine pranas (openings), and it serves speech. and the Stoma hymn of that day consists of twenty-five' (verses); 12. are confused, some small, some large. Verily, that hymn, which Therefore does the seed of both, when it is effused, obtain is untrue exposes his root, dries up and perishes. Also included in this critical commentary are its original Sanskrit text, Romanised transliteration, and verse for verse English translation. 2. 'He is gone to rest,' then it was in the evening. sweet, the offspring is sweet, and he thus joins the offspring home. VII, 32, 10) the words paryasa (he moved round) and na those deities (which enter VIII, 76, 12):-. Gayatri is Brahman, Anushtubh is speech; he performs the Upadrava in five ways, he performs the Nidhana Kayasubhiya hymn, Bhuya id vavridhe viryaya ( Rv 55 ), with the (. Not-Breathing ; ' this means the living and the trunk is the of! 'Never tiring, coming and going on his hands, ten is called Mahâvrata people the!: 'Thou art ours, we are thine. ' are supported from,. Visvi avivridhan ( Rv he calls everything swing is food, for the day and the cross-beam.... Feet among cattle which stand on four leading to the body he became great, then was! Hotri, let him recite the Kayasubhiya hymn, means people into them ). ' gdyata (.... 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